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More NewGRE Verbal Practice

Text Completion - Two Blanks (10 Questions)

1. Although it is unusual to denounce museum not painting, it is quite common, even for those unenthusiastic about
sports, to criticize -- for their----.
(A) team…   coach
(B) spectators .... inactivity
(C) athletes…         snobbery
(D) scholars… apathy
(E) commentators .... partiality

2. Because the order in which the parts of speech appear in the sentences of a given language is decided merely
by custom, it is -- to maintain that every departure from that order constitutes a -- of a natural law.
(A) traditional         transformation
(B) conventional         transgression
(C) necessary .... prototype
(D) unjustifiable…         violation
(E) unreasonable…         formulation

3. Ultimately, the book's credibility is strained, the slender, though far from --, web of evidence presented on one
salient point is expected to support a vast -- of implications.
(A) unconvincing         cacophony
(B) nonexistent         superstructure
(C) indispensable         array
(D) intricate…         network
(E) imposing….         compendium

4. One reason why pertinent fossils are -- is that crucial stages of evolution occurred in the tropics where it is difficult
to explore for fossils, and so their discovery has --.
(A) unique .... resulted
(B) unconcealable .... declined
(C) uncommon .... logged
(D) recent .... resumed
(E) prominent .... failed


5. It is an error to regard the imagination as a mainly ¬- force; if it destroys and alters, it also -- hitherto isolated
beliefs, insights, and mental habits into strongly unified systems.
(A) visionary….         conjures
(B) beneficial…         converts
(C) revolutionary .... fuses
(D) negative…         shunts
(E) synthetic…         integrates

6. Every novel invites us to enter a world that is initially strange; our gradual and selective orientation to its manners
-- infants' -- to their environment.
(A) imitates         welcome
(B) completes         introduction
(C) resembles         adjustment
(D) alters .... blindness
(E) reinforces .... resistance

7. As the creation of new knowledge through science has become --, resistance to innovation has become less --,
taking the form of inertia rather than direct attack.
(A) controversial .... sporadic
(B) institutionalized .... aggressive
(C) essential .... effective
(D) public         circumspect
(E) suspect         lively

8. Rousseau's short discourse, a work that was generally -- the cautious, unadorned prose of the day, deviated from
that prose style in its -- discussion of the physical sciences.
(A) critical of .... lengthy
B) superior to ….austere
(C) bolder than …..intelligent
(D) consistent with .... unrestrained
(E) influenced .... uninspired

9. A truly -- historian of science, Meyer neither -¬the abilities of the scientists she presents nor condescends to them.
(A) unbiased         scrutinizes
(B) objective         inflates
(C) impressionable .... patronizes
(D) reverent         admires
(E) analytic         evaluates

10. The losing animal in a struggle saves itself from destruction by an act of --, an act usually recognized and -- by
the winner.
(A) submission .... accepted
(B) hostility         avoided
(C) bluffing         reaffirmed
(D) anger         condoned
(E) hatred         duplicated






Text Completion - Answers

l.B 2.D 3.B 4.C 5.C 6.C 7.B 8.D 9.B 10.A

Analysis
1. (B) The first missing word must have the same relationship to athletic events as museum goers have to paintings.
Why do people go to the museum? To see paintings, obviously. So, the first missing word must mean a class of ,
people : connected with athletics as watchers. Among the choices, It IS only spectators which has this meaning. So,
even from the point of view of the first missing word, we can choose (B) as the only possible answer. (You may be
tempted to choose commentators as a possible answer, but commentators can only be considered to be analogous
to critics of painting and not to all museum goers, most of whom are laymen.) Its pair word inactivity completes a
logical sentence which now means that whereas nobody criticizes a museum goer or not being a painter himself,
many have a tendency to criticize a spectator of athletic events for not being an athlete himself. So, (B) is the
answer.


2. (D) All the five choices for the first missing word can meaningfully fill the blank in the phrase 'It is ..... to maintain'.
So, we should look for a clue to the correct answer in the last part of the sentence. The phrase 'every departure
from that order constitutes a .... of a natural law' implies that the missing word here must be a synonym of departure.
Among the given choices, it is only transgression and violation which have this meaning. Now, if the order in which
the parts of speech (such as the subject, the predicate and the object) appear in sentences of a given language is
decided merely by custom, and there is no natural law governing it, it cannot be conventional to maintain that every
departure from that order constitutes a transgression of a natural law. So, (B) is not the answer. In this case, it would
certainly be unjustifiable to maintain that every departure from that order constitutes a violation of a natural law. So,
the pair of words in (D).gives a logical meaning to the given sentence, and is the answer.


3. (B) The first part of the sentence implies that the book's credibility (meaning believability; trustworthiness) is being
stretched beyond limit, "with a slender web of evidence on one salient point having to support .... of implications".
Among the choices for the second missing word, 'a vast superstructure of implications', 'a vast array of implications'
and 'a vast network of implications' all make sense in this context. So, (B), (C) and (D) are all possible answers from
the point of view of the second missing word.
Among the corresponding phrases that result from the choice of their pair words for the first missing word . 'the
slender, though far from nonexistent, web of evidence', 'the consistent with, we get, "Rousseau's short discourse, a
work slender, though far from indispensable, web of evidence' and that was generally consistent with the cautious,
unadorned 'the slender, though far from intricate, web of evidence', it is prose of the day, deviated from that prose
style in its the first that makes logical sense. So, (B) is the answer.


4. (C) The use of the phrase 'and so' as the conjunction means that the second part of the sentence must
corroborate the first. The first part of the sentence says that important stages of evolution occurred in tropical
countries where it is difficult to explore for fossils. Therefore the discovery of fossils pertinent to evolution must be
rare. Among the choices, only unique and uncommon are the suitable words for the first missing word.
The pair word of unique is resulted, but the phrase 'and so their discovery has resulted' does not make sense in the
sentence.
On the contrary, the phrase 'and so their discovery has lagged (meaning has slowed down)' makes eminent sense
in the context. So, (C) is the answer.

5. (C) The second part of the sentence means that imagination not only destroys and alters, but also '- isolated
beliefs, insights and mental habits into strongly unified systems'. Among the choices for the second missing word,
those that mean the conversion of isolated beliefs into strongly unified systems are fuses and integrates. So, our
search for the answer gets limited to (C) and (E).
Now, if imagination integrates isolated beliefs into strongly unified systems, it is certainly not an error to regard it as
a mainly synthetic force. So, (E) contradicts the first part of the sentence, and is not the answer.
If imagination fuses isolated beliefs into strongly unified systems, it will be an error to regard it as a mainly
revolutionary force. So, the pair of words in (C) completes a meaningful sentence, and is the answer.

6. (C) What the sentence apparently implies is that our gradual introduction to the world of a novel (which is initially
strange to us) is similar to the gradual orientation (meaning adjustment) of an infant to the physical world. So,
introduction and adjustment are the only possible choices for the second missing word, limiting our further
examination to (B) or (C).
The phrase "our gradual and selective orientation to its manners completes infants' introduction to their
environment" does not make any sense. So, (B) can be discarded.
With the pair of words in (C), we get the sentence, "our gradual and selective orientation to its manners resembles
infants' introduction to their environment" which makes eminent sense. So, (C) is the answer.

7. (B) The second missing word in the phrase 'has become less …….’should substantiate the phrase that follows it:
'taking the form of inertia rather than direct attack'. Aggressive is the only word among the choices for the second
word that fits in here. Its pair word, institutionalized, which means formally established completes a meaningful
sentence. So, (B) is the answer.

B. (D) The second part of the sentence means that the style adopted by Rousseau in his discussion of the physical
sciences deviated from the cautious and unadorned prose of the day. So, the second missing word must mean the
opposite of cautious and unadorned. Among the choices, it is only unrestrained that has this meaning when we re-
read the sentence along with its pair phrase unrestrained discussion of the physical sciences', which is an  
eminently logical sentence. So (D) is the answer

9. (B) The use of the phrase neither - nor implies that the first missing word must imply the opposite of the phrase
condescends to them (meaning patronizes them from a superior position). Among the given choices for the second
missing word, inflates and admires are the only two which are the opposites of condescends.
Choosing (D) first, we get the sentence as, "A truly reverent historian of science, Meyer neither admires the abilities
of the scientists she presents .... ", which is self-contradictory.
The pair of words in (B) give the sentence, "A truly objective (meaning dispassionate) historian of science, Meyer
neither inflates the abilities of the scientists she presents nor condescends to them", which forms a logical
statement. So, (B) is the answer.

10. (A) An animal which is losing in a struggle cannot save itself from destruction by an act of hostility (because the
struggle implies that there is already hostility and it is losing in it), or by an act of bluffing, or by an act of anger, or
by an act of hatred. It can sometimes save itself by an act of submission, especially when such submission is
recognized and accepted by the winner.
Thus, the pair of words in (A) completes a meaningful sentence, and is the answer.  






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